Aluminum World Statistics.

This information gives you exact current statistics on where Aluminum is made in the world.

ALUMINUM

(Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted)
Domestic Production and Use: In 2006, 5 companies operated 13 primary aluminum smelters; 6 smelters weretemporarily idled. Based upon published market prices, the value of primary metal production was $6 billion.

Aluminum consumption was centered in the East Central United States. Transportation accounted for an estimated40% of domestic consumption; the remainder was used in packaging, 28%; building, 13%; consumer durables, 7%;
electrical, 5%; and other, 7%.
Salient Statistics—United States: 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006e
Production:
Primary 2,707 2,703 2,516 2,481 2,300
Secondary (from old scrap) 1,170 1,070 1,160 1,060 1,100

Imports for consumption 4,060 4,130 4,720 5,330 5,400
Exports 1,590 1,540 1,820 2,370 2,800
Consumption, apparent2 6,320 6,130 6,590 6,460 6,100

Price, ingot, average U.S. market (spot),cents per pound 64.9 68.1 84.0 91.0 120.0

Stocks:

Aluminum industry, yearend 1,320 1,400 1,470 1,430 1,400
LME, U.S. warehouses, yearend3 45 207 116 209 180Employment, number4 61,700 58,000 57,500 58,400 59,000

Net import reliance5 as a percentage of apparent consumption 39 38 44 45 44
Recycling: In 2006, aluminum recovered from purchased scrap was about 3 million tons, of which about 64% came from new (manufacturing) scrap and 36% from old scrap (discarded aluminum products). Aluminum recovered from old scrap was equivalent to about 18% of apparent consumption.

Import Sources (2002-05): Canada, 55%; Russia, 18%; Venezuela, 4%; Brazil, 4%; and other, 19%.Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations12-31-06Unwrought (in coils) 7601.10.3000 2.6% ad val.
Unwrought (other than aluminum alloys) 7601.10.6000 Free.
Waste and scrap 7602.00.0000 Free.
Depletion Allowance: Not applicable.1
Government Stockpile: None.


Prepared by Patricia A. Plunkert [(703) 648-4979, [email protected], fax: (703) 648-7757]
19

ALUMINUM

Events, Trends, and Issues: Domestic primary aluminum production decreased slightly owing to cutbacks attributed to increased energy and alumina costs. Domestic smelters operated at about 62% of rated or engineered capacity.
Imports for consumption increased slightly, filling some of the supply deficit created by the decrease in domestic production. Canada and Russia accounted for approximately two-thirds of total imports. U.S. exports also increased in 2006. China, Canada, and Mexico, in descending order, received more than three-fourths of total U.S. exports.

Most of the shipments to China (95%) were in the form of aluminum scrap.

The price of primary aluminum fluctuated through September 2006, but was generally higher than that of 2005. In January, the average monthly U.S. market price for primary ingot quoted by Platts Metals Week was $1.118 per pound; it reached a high of $1.355 per pound in May; and in September, the price was $1.170 per pound. Prices on the London Metal Exchange (LME) followed the trend of U.S. market prices. The monthly average LME cash price for September was $1.121 per pound.

World primary aluminum production continued to increase as capacity expansions outside the United States were brought onstream. Inventories of metal held by producers, as reported by the International Aluminium Institute, decreased through the end of September to about 2.9 million tons from 3.2 million tons at yearend 2005. Inventories of primary aluminum metal held by the LME increased during the year to 691,000 tons at the end of September from 644,000 tons at yearend 2005.

World Smelter Production and Capacity:
Production Yearend capacity
2005 2006e 2005 2006e

United States 2,481 2,300 3,700 3,700

Australia 1,900 1,900 1,900 1,950

Bahrain 751 830 750 850
Brazil 1,500 1,600 1,500 1,600
Canada 2,890 3,000 2,900 3,060
China 7,800 8,700 10,000 10,500
Germany 668 530 670 670
India 898 1,000 950 1,150
Mozambique 555 560 560 570
Norway 1,370 1,360 1,390 1,360
Russia 3,650 3,720 3,700 3,800
South Africa 851 890 860 900
United Arab Emirates, Dubai 750 770 750 770
Venezuela 610 615 650 650
Other countries 5,190 5,340 5,800 5,900

World total (rounded) 31,900 33,100 36,100 37,400

World Resources: Domestic aluminum requirements cannot be met by domestic bauxite resources. Domestic nonbauxitic aluminum resources are abundant and could meet domestic aluminum demand. However, no processes for using these resources have been proven economically competitive with those now used for bauxite. The world reserve base for bauxite is sufficient to meet world demand for metal well into the future.

Substitutes: Copper can replace aluminum in electrical applications; magnesium, titanium, and steel can substitute for aluminum in structural and ground transportation uses. Composites, steel, and wood can substitute for aluminumin construction. Glass, paper, plastics, and steel can substitute for aluminum in packaging.




	
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